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WHO: Draft landscape of COVID-19 candidate vaccines

May 27, 2020

These landscape documents have been prepared by the World Health Organization (WHO) for information purposes only concerning 2019-2020 global of the novel coronavirus. Inclusion of any particular product or entity in any of these landscape documents does not constitute, and shall not be deemed or construed as, any approval or endorsement by WHO of such product or entity (or any of its businesses or activities). While WHO takes reasonable steps to verify the accuracy of the information presented in these landscape documents, WHO does not make any (and hereby disclaims all) representations and warranties regarding the accuracy, completeness, fitness for a particular purpose (including any of the aforementioned purposes), quality, safety, efficacy, merchantability and/or non-infringement of any information provided in these landscape documents and/or of any of the products referenced therein. WHO also disclaims any and all liability or responsibility whatsoever for any death, disability, injury, suffering, loss, damage or other prejudice of any kind that may arise from or in connection with the procurement, distribution or use of any product included in any of these landscape documents. 


At least 80 million children under one at risk of diseases such as diphtheria, measles and polio as COVID-19 disrupts routine vaccination efforts, warn Gavi, WHO and UNICEF

Agencies call for joint effort to safely deliver routine immunization and proceed with vaccination campaigns against deadly vaccine-preventable diseases. 

COVID 19 is disrupting life-saving immunization services around the world, putting millions of children – in rich and poor countries alike – at risk of diseases like diphtheria, measles and polio. This stark warning comes from the World Health Organization, UNICEF and Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance ahead of the Global Vaccine Summit on 4 June, at which world leaders will come together to help maintain immunization programmes and mitigate the impact of the pandemic in lower-income countries.

According to data collected by the World Health Organization, UNICEF, Gavi and the Sabin Vaccine Institute, provision of routine immunization services is substantially hindered in at least 68 countries and is likely to affect approximately 80 million children under the age of 1 living in these countries.

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Measles continues to spread across the EU/EEA – No time for complacency

A total of 13 200 measles cases were reported by the EU/EEA countries and the UK in 2019. In addition, approximately 1 000 measles cases were reported in the first two months of 2020. Cases were reported in all age groups. This highlights the importance of continuous efforts to improve routine childhood immunisation programmes and address immunity gaps in the population. The most recent ECDC Measles Annual Epidemiological Report published today shows that in 2019, a total of 13 200 cases were reported by the EU/EEA countries and the UK.

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The online competition between pro- and anti-vaccination views

Distrust in scientific expertise is dangerous. Opposition to vaccination with a future vaccine against SARS-CoV-2, the causal agent of COVID-19, for example, could amplify outbreaks, as happened for measles in 2019. Homemade remedies and falsehoods are being shared widely on the Internet, as well as dismissals of expert advice. There is a lack of understanding about how this distrust evolves at the system level. Here we provide a map of the contention surrounding vaccines that has emerged from the global pool of around three billion Facebook users. 

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Vaccination of healthcare professionals protects particularly the elderly, the sick and those with low immune defences #CoalitionForVaccination #VaccinesWork #ImmunizeEurope

We as professionals have a responsibility to protect together those who cannot be vaccinated. EIP encourages all members to Share this video with their colleagues and friends using the share button below. Together we can protect all against Vaccines Preventable Diseases. 

 


Vaccination should be regarded as a social responsibility and not an individual choice #CoalitionForVaccination #VaccinesWork #ImmunizeEurope

We, as doctors, can provide a good example for other people by vaccinating ourselves first. EIP encourages all members to Share this video with their colleagues and friends using the share button below. Together we can protect all against Vaccines Preventable Diseases. 

 


Herd_Immunity only works when the majority of people in the population are immunised #CoalitionForVaccination #VaccinesWork #ImmunizeEurope

By encouraging your patients to get vaccinated, you are not only protecting them but also the other members of your community. EIP encourages all members to Share this video with their colleagues and friends using the share button below. Together we can protect all against Vaccines Preventable Diseases. 

 


Our commitment matters! #CoalitionForVaccination #VaccinesWork #ImmunizeEurope

It is crucial that all healthcare professionals working across the different healthcare settings correctly vaccinate themselves. Like this, we can form one joint shield of protection for our patients against vaccine-preventable diseases and lead by example. Be the vaccination heroes of your community! Together we can protect all against Vaccines Preventable Diseases.

 


Your vaccination matters! #CoalitionForVaccination #VaccinesWork #ImmunizeEurope

By correctly vaccinating yourself, you are not only protecting yourself from potentially injuring and life-threatening preventable diseases, but you also help to protect the vulnerable risk groups within your patient community.

Together we can protect all against Vaccines Preventable Diseases. 

 


Your initiative matters! #CoalitionForVaccination #VaccinesWork #ImmunizeEurope

By encouraging your patients to get vaccinated, providing them pro-actively with understandable and factual information on the importance of vaccination and addressing their potential questions and concerns, you are not only protecting your patients but also the other members of your community.

EIP encourages all members to Share this video with their colleagues and friends using the share button below. Together we can protect all against Vaccines Preventable Diseases. 

 


How nurses can increase the uptake of vaccines among medical doctors #CoalitionForVaccination #VaccinesWork #ImmunizeEurope

Nurses are the valued clinical partners of Medical Doctors’ and they know that Medical Doctors’ are very important for citizen’s health and wellbeing; they commit themselves in ensuring that Medical Doctors’ remain healthy for their beloved ones and themselves but also for providing quality health services. Nurses commitment and professional knowledge makes them strong advocates for vaccination uptake among Medical Doctors.

EIP encourages all members to Share this video with their colleagues and friends using the share button below. Together we can protect all against Vaccines Preventable Diseases. 

 


How nurses can increase the uptake of vaccines among nurses’ themselves”. #CoalitionForVaccination #VaccinesWork #ImmunizeEurope

Nurses need to develop their critical thinking skills and capacity to properly analyze news updates and educational information about vaccination and should take the lead when planning interventions to improve vaccination rates among nursing professionals. These may be critical factors to increase the uptake of vaccines among nurses themselves”.

EIP encourages all members to Share this video with their colleagues and friends using the share button below. Together we can protect all against Vaccines Preventable Diseases. 

 


How nurses can increase the uptake of vaccines among patients and caretakers, responding to their questions and concerns. #CoalitionForVaccination #VaccinesWork #ImmunizeEurope

Vaccination is an act of personal and ethical obligation. By encouraging patients and their caregivers to vaccinate and by providing them with relevant scientific evidence, Nurses increase the possibility that patients and their beloved ones remain in good health. Nurses, through this act, also help patients and caregivers, to contribute to an important public good such as “herd immunity”.

EIP encourages all members to Share this video with their colleagues and friends using the share button below. Together we can protect all against Vaccines Preventable Diseases. 


Exploring pathways for building trust in vaccination and strengthening health system resilience

Trust is critical to generate and maintain demand for vaccines in low and middle-income countries. However, there is little documentation on how health system insufficiencies affect trust in vaccination and the process of rebuilding trust once it has been compromised. We reflect on how disruptions to immunizations systems can affect trust in vaccination and can compromise vaccine utilization. We then explore key pathways for overcoming system vulnerabilities in order to restore trust, to strengthen the resilience of health systems and communities, and to promote vaccine utilization. 

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Health System Resilience: What Are We Talking About? A Scoping Review Mapping Characteristics and Keywords

Health systems are based on 6 functions that need to work together at all times to effectively deliver safe and quality health services. These functions are vulnerable to shocks and changes; if a health system is unable to withstand the pressure from a shock, it may cease to function or collapse. The concept of resilience has been introduced with the goal of strengthening health systems to avoid disruption or collapse. The concept is new within health systems research, and no common description exists to describe its meaning. The aim of this study is to summarize and characterize the existing descriptions of health system resilience to improve understanding of the concept. 

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Hilleman Essay Contest

Dr Maurice Hilleman is considered by many to be the father of modern vaccines. Over the course of his career, he developed many of the vaccines that are routinely recommended for children today. By the end of his career, Dr. Hilleman had prevented pandemic flu, combined the measles-mumps-rubella vaccines (MMR), developed the first vaccine against a type of human cancer, and much more. It is likely that Dr Hilleman’s work has saved more lives worldwide than any other scientist in history. The 2020 Maurice R. Hilleman Essay Contest is coming soon! 

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Vaccine Knowledge Project: Authoritative Information for all

The Vaccine Knowledge Project aims to be a source of independent information about vaccines and infectious diseases. We provide clear information on complex topics and back it up with references to high-quality, reliable research. All our content is aimed at the general public and designed to help people make informed decisions about vaccine issues. The content is also suitable for healthcare professionals such as health visitors, school nurses, GPs and paediatricians.

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Voices for Vaccines: Parents Speaking up for Immunization

Voices for Vaccines is a parent-led organization that supports and advocates for on-time vaccination and the reduction of vaccine-preventable disease. Although the majority of parents choose to immunize their children against disease, most of us do not speak out about our decisions because it seems to us common sense. Unfortunately, increasing numbers of parents are choosing not to immunize or to under-immunize their children, which has led to increasing rates of vaccine-preventable diseases and needless suffering. 

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Antidote: An interactive mobile game as a platform for disease awareness

The game attracts – and keeps – players’ attention and can be used as a platform for disease awareness and public health campaigns. It can also direct people to high-quality information on vaccination, treatments and healthy behaviour. Olli Rundgren, founder of Psyon Games, believes interactive mobile games may be the answer. Five years ago, he assembled a team that includes the developer of the smash hit ‘Angry Birds’, along with artists and experts in immunology. Together they created ‘Antidote’ – a game that combines fun and strategic skill with education. While playing, the players take quick tutorials where they learn about how different bacteria and viruses work and how the human immune system fights them. They typically spend over five minutes per session on tutorials, applying this knowledge in the game.

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WHO: Vaccine heroes: Dr Christa Kuderna, paediatrician, Vienna, Austria

European Immunization Week (EIW) 2019 is an opportunity to celebrate everyday vaccine heroes – the individuals who contribute in so many ways to protecting lives through vaccination – including researchers who develop safe and effective vaccines, policy-makers who make sure every child has equitable access to vaccines, health professionals who administer vaccines, parents who choose vaccination for their children, as well as everyone who seeks out and shares evidence-based information about vaccines. “Vaccine heroes – saving lives through immunization” is a series of personal stories showcasing the many ways in which individuals are helping to achieve the vision of a European Region free of vaccine-preventable diseases as enshrined in the European Vaccine Action Plan 2015–2020.

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